Frederick Ferdinand Schafer Painting Catalog

7. Summary and acknowledgements

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Summary of observations about the Art

From these observations of his background and his art, one can conclude that Frederick Ferdinand Schafer was a talented painter who maintained the European picturesque landscape tradition despite the whirlwind of changing styles of the late nineteenth century. By applying this tradition to the many opportunities provided by grand vistas of the western United States and at the same time depicting Indians, prospectors, ships, and other common features of the day in his paintings, he left a record that, though not of the highest rank, held both artistic and historic merit.


Scores of collectors have provided documentation and photographs of their Schafer paintings and leads on the existence of other paintings they have seen. Most of them are not individually acknowledged here because collectors usually prefer to keep their collections private.

Individuals (with affiliations and locations at the time they provided help):

Volker Adolphs Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf
Bronwin Albrecht Sotheby Fine Arts, New York
Nancy Allen Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Andrea Bacigalupo Butterfield and Butterfield, San Francisco
Paul Bingham Bingham Galleries, San Jose, California
Leonard Braarud Braarud Fine Art, La Conner, Washington
Stanleigh Bry Society of California Pioneers, San Francisco
Darcy Coates The Oakland Museum of California
Delphine Castles Craigdarroch Castle Historical Society, Victoria, B.C.
Jack Cleaver Oregon Historical Society, Portland
Sherburne F. Cooke, Jr. Sherburne Antiques and Fine Arts, Olympia, Washington
Susan Cowan Uno Langemann Limited, Vancouver, B.C.
Bruce Davies Craigdarroch Castle Historical Society, Victoria, B.C.
Stuart A. Dalie III Alameda, California
Alfred de Simone St Charles, Illinois
William K. Dick San Francisco
Lawrence Dinnean Bancroft Library, Berkeley, California
Christine Droll The Oakland Museum of California
Robert Drummond The Drummond Gallery, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho
James A. Eason Bancroft Library, Berkeley, California
Jack von Euw Archives of American Art, San Francisco
Susan Else Monterey Peninsula Museum of Art, Monterey, California
Peter Fairbanks Montgomery Gallery, San Francisco
Nancy Ferreira Christopher Queen Galleries, Duncans Mills, California
Linda E. Fisher Graham Gallery, New York City
Albert H. Gaynor Alpha CD Imaging, Menlo Park, California
John Garzoli Garzoli Gallery, San Rafael, California
Matthew Gerber Matthew's Galleries, Lake Oswego, Oregon
Ann Gilbert University of California at Berkeley, California
Nancy Gilbert Hunter Gallery, Carmel, California
Vicki Halper Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, Washington
Ellen Halteman Independent art historian, Davis, California
Philip A. C. Harris Alameda, California
Alfred Harrison, Jr. North Point Gallery, San Francisco
Arthur Hart Boise, Idaho
Paulette D. Hennum Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, California
Mark Hoffman Maxwell Galleries, Ltd, San Francisco
Kathy Holdredge M. H. de Young Museum, San Francisco
Amy Hooker Juneau-Douglas City Museum, Juneau, Alaska
Jeanette Hoskinson Autry Museum of Western Heritage, Los Angeles
Carol S. Hughes Frank S. Schwartz and Son, Philadelphia
Edan Milton Hughes San Francisco, California
Mary Hunter Hunter Gallery, Carmel, California
Robert Joki The Sovereign Collection, Portland, Oregon
Harvey Jones The Oakland Museum of California
Nan Jones Ross, California
Roy Farrington Jones Ross, California
Patricia L. Keats Society of California Pioneers
Fred Keeler Piedmont, California
Patrick Kraft William Karges Fine Art, Carmel, California
Richard Kerwin Kerwin Galleries, San Mateo, California
Jeanette Langmann Uno Langmann Limited, Vancouver, British Columbia
Martha Lee Yosemite Museum, Yosemite National Park
Scot Levitt John Pence Gallery, San Francisco
Pat Lynagh National Museum of American Art, Washington, D.C.
James Marquardt Lewis Reed & Allen, Kalamazoo, Michigan
Ross Martineau John Pence Gallery, San Francisco
Dewitt C. McCall III DeRu's Fine Arts, Bellflower, California
Nancy McCauley Stanford University, Palo Alto, California
Peg McGowan Alameda Public Library, Alameda, California
Dwight Miller Stanford University, Palo Alto, California
Nancy Dustin Wall Moure Los Angeles, California
Walter A. Nelson-Rees WIM Fine Arts, Oakland, California
Joon Park University of Southern California, Los Angeles
John Penhune La Jolla, California
Lisa Peters Montgomery Gallery, San Francisco
Rita Ricardo-Campbell Hoover Institution, Stanford, California
Kathleen Ripley Richmond Museum, Richmond, California
Michael D. Schroeder Cupertino, California
Cromwell H. W. Schubarth Boston
Stanley Shiebert Seattle Public Library, Seattle
Scott Shields California Historical Society, San Francisco
Elizabeth Smart State of California, Sacramento, California
Ann Smith Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles
Jerry Smith M. H. de Young Museum, San Francisco
Leonard Stafford Greenbrae, California
Franz R. Stenzel Portland, Oregon
John Stohr Rockridge Masonic Temple, Emeryville, California
Derek Swallow British Columbia Records Archive, Victoria, B.C.
Evangeline Tai Sonoma County Museum, Santa Rosa, California
Richard Terry California State Library, Sacramento, California
Anne de Gruchy Tighe Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, Victoria, B.C.
Mark Traugott University of California at Santa Cruz, California
Joanne Triplett Inventory of American Art, Washington D.C.
Arnold ("Swede") Wallen Christopher Queen Galleries, Duncans Mills, California
Alfred Wellcome Shasta State Historic Park, Shasta, California
Jonathan Williams State of California, Monterey, California
Chris Wilson Hallie Ford Museum, Salem, Oregon
Kathy Wong Clars Auction Gallery, Oakland, California
Mary Pat Wyatt Juneau-Douglas City Museum, Juneau, Alaska

Unidentified staff members of:

Archives of American Art Washington, D.C.
Bancroft Library, University of California Berkeley, California
Boston Public Library Boston
Butterfield and Butterfield San Francisco
California Historical Society San Francisco
Cleveland Museum Art Library Cleveland
Harvard Fine Arts Library, Fogg Art Museum Cambridge, Massachusetts
The Library of Congress Washington, D.C.
Mechanics' Institute Library San Francisco
M. H. de Young Museum San Francisco
Museum of Fine Arts Library Boston
National Museum of American Art Washington, D.C.
Oakland Public Library Oakland, California
San Francisco Public Library San Francisco
Stanford University Art Library Palo Alto, California
Stanford University Visual Archive Palo Alto, California
Sterling and Francine Clark Art Museum Williamstown, Massachusetts
University Library Cambridge, England
Wellesley College Library Wellesley, Massachusetts
The Witt Library London


Digital Equipment Corporation Systems Research Center Palo Alto, California
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts
University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory Cambridge, England

Special acknowledgements are required for three individuals named in the list above--amateur art historians who, as a labor of love, privately collected an immense amount of material pertinent to the study of California nineteenth-century artists. Roy Farrington Jones (1925 - 2019) of Ross, California, spent two decades photographing early Western paintings at dealers, auctions, and in private collections. His wife, Nancy Hoffman Jones (1920 - 2001), carefully indexed and organized the resulting slides and she spent many hours with me reviewing the Schafer slides in that collection. The third special acknowledgement is to William K. Dick of San Francisco, California, who tracked down and photographed many paintings of California artists, with a special emphasis on Schafer. He also spent much time reviewing archives of late nineteenth-century San Francisco newspapers, assembling notes and reports pertaining to the art scene at that time. Mr. Dick graciously permitted me to review his research notes and his many photographs of Schafer paintings, and he was happy to fill me in with many facts he discovered about Schafer's work.

As the study of nineteenth-century California painting becomes more widely recognized as being worthy of professional attention, the importance of the work carried on by dedicated people such as these three collectors, working in the fringes of the professional art history community, will be recognized as essential to the capture and preservation of information and images that would otherwise have been lost.

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Mar 10, 2024, 11:47 MDT Accessibility